Marian Edelman, Children's Defense Fund and Ronald Ferguson, The Achievement Gap Initiative at Harvard University
category: research, practice
Research on Racial Differences in Learning
Richard Nisbett, University of Michigan
tags: parenting, IQ, heritability, social class, intelligence, environment, family background, intervention, race
Nisbett argues that IQ is determined in part by genetics and in part by the environment in which a child is reared, citing several twin studies as evidence. He also asserts that the heritability of IQ is dependent on the child' social class, but heritability places no limits on malleability of intelligence. Consequently, the environment is especially crucial since it can be directly affected by programs, teachers, and parents.
The Power of Play
John Ratey, Harvard Medical School
tags: parenting, television, computers, youth, social media, engagement
John Ratey of the Harvard Medical School discusses how exercise, play, and movement are essential ingredients to helping children develop social, behavioral, and cognitive skills. In particular, he highlights the school system in Naperville, Illinois, which has created a rigorous physical education system to improve fitness for all students.
Margaret Sheridan, Harvard Medical School and Children’s Hospital, Boston
tags: parenting, socioeconomic status, stress, health, prefrontal cortex, brain development
In her research Sheridan explores the impact of early life experiences that are a product of socioeconomic status on the prefrontal cortex, which controls behavior, working memory and inhibition. She asks two specific questions in her research: Is there an association between neural function in the prefrontal cortex and socioeconomic status in childhood? Does language exposure mediate those findings if they exist?